Even women with no physical symptoms of breast cancer still need to undergo breast cancer screening. It is essential to detect cancer at its earliest stage, and thermal imaging scans can detect cancer cells 10 times earlier, which allows the doctors to administer less invasive treatment.
There are different screening options when it comes to detecting breast cancer. At present, two major screening tests are recommended by practitioners: mammography and thermal imaging.
Procedures Involved During Mammography
In order to conduct mammography, X-rays are transmitted through the breast after compressing it between the two plates.
The captured images are known as mammograms. The dense tissues in the breasts appear as white spots, which can suggest if a tumor or a group of cancer cells is present.
Research has shown that different experts interpret the data obtained through mammography in different ways. Some consider this method beneficial, while others consider it a futile exercise.
Advantages of Mammography
A mammography screening helps women fight against breast cancer by detecting it at its earliest stage. Those associated with high-risk groups can find more benefits through mammography.
For instance, a mammography screening in older women or those who have a history of breast cancer in the family is quite efficient. According to the data collected by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), women aged 50 to 74 years should undergo mammography every two years.
Risks Attached With Mammography
There are various risks associated with mammography.
- This kind of screening exposes the breast to radiation multiple times. This may increase the risk of cancer.
- This type of screening also detects non-invasive cancers, which may result in administering a lengthy treatment without any reason to do so.
- This test is not effective if the breast tissues are naturally dense or the patient has undergone a breast implant.
- This type of test tends to offer false-positive results, which may lead to additional screening and unnecessary biopsies.
Procedures Involved During Thermal Imaging
Thermography, or thermal imaging, is a screening test that detects the presence of tumor or cancer cells in the breast. It works by recording and analyzing temperature changes in the skin.
During thermography, digital infrared thermal imaging (DITI) is used to conduct a cancer screening. The infrared thermal camera creates an image of the area, showing temperature differences in the breast.
The blood flow around tumor or cancer cells is faster, which means that the temperature in this area is higher. This temperature difference is clearly visible in thermal imaging, showing the presence of a cancerous growth.
Advantages of Thermal Imaging
Thermography is a non-compressive and non-invasive procedure, which means that the patient shouldn’t feel any pain. There is no involvement of radiation, so this procedure can be repeated multiple times.
It helps detect changes in the breast tissue that usually relate to cancer. Since this method is more advanced, it ensures proper screening of cancerous cells. Moreover, this test is viable for women with breast implants and dense breast tissue.
Women under 40 can undergo thermography, which is typically not possible in the case of mammography. Therefore, thermal imaging is the most recommended option when it comes to detecting breast cancer.